Different Types of Autism

November 6, 2023

Autism, often referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a complex and diverse condition that manifests uniquely in each individual. 

It is a spectrum disorder, emphasizing the wide range of challenges and strengths individuals with autism may experience. When it comes to understanding autism you should recognize that there is no one-size-fits-all description, but rather a spectrum of possibilities.

To begin, let’s talk about the levels of autism. 

The levels of Autism are threefold, including ASD Level 1, ASD Level 2, and ASD Level 3. These levels are determined by the severity of symptoms and the amount of support an individual requires in their daily life. 

This recognition of diverse support needs is integral to understanding the complexity of autism and tailoring interventions in accordance with the level of autism. 

Not only are there different levels of autism, there are different types of autism on the ASD spectrum, such as: 

  • Asperger’s Syndrome

Asperger’s Syndrome is often considered a milder form of autism, with individuals typically exhibiting challenges in social interaction and communication but often displaying remarkable skills and interests in specific areas. Individuals with Asperger’s may struggle with social cues and have difficulty forming friendships, but they may excel academically or creatively.

  • Rett Syndrome

Rett Syndrome is a rare form of autism that predominantly affects girls. It is characterized by a period of normal development followed by a loss of acquired skills, such as purposeful hand skills and spoken language. Physical symptoms, including repetitive hand movements, often accompany this disorder.

  • Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD)

CDD is a rare form of autism where children experience a significant loss of previously acquired skills, such as language and social abilities. This regression typically occurs between the ages of two and four, leading to profound developmental delays.

  • Kanner’s Syndrome

Of all the different types of Autism, this is referred to as the classical type of autism. Named after Leo Kanner, children with Kanner’s Syndrome typically display challenges in communication, social interaction, and exhibit repetitive behaviors. 

  • Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

PDD-NOS is a category that includes individuals who exhibit some, but not all, of the characteristics of autism. It is often used for those who do not fit neatly into other diagnostic categories but still experience challenges in social interaction and communication.

While autism types are different, treating these forms of autism begins with ABA therapy.  

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy plays a crucial role in supporting individuals with different forms of autism. By targeting specific behaviors and tailoring interventions to individual needs, ABA therapy empowers children to step into their fullest potential. 

At Step Forward we are passionate about providing high-quality ABA therapy to New Mexico, Florida, and other areas of the US. Our dedicated team of professionals is committed to guiding children toward brighter futures, regardless of the autism type they have. Contact us today to learn more about ABA therapy interventions for your child!

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